Glossary

Acroterion

the sculpture that decorates one of the three angles of the pediment

Altar

the place where the devotees gathered to communicate with the god, to attend the sacrifices and to bring their offerings

Antae capital (or epicranon)

crowning of the antae as the capitals on the columns

Architrave

part of the temple placed above the columns connecting them. It consists of three blocks placed parallel to each other

Cella

the main temple, the closed hall, where the statue of the god or goddess stood

Coffer

square recess under the marble ceiling

Column

each consists of a shaft and a capital. It is repeated in a row around the main temple

Cornice horizontal

part of the temple that projects above the frieze, so as to protect both the frieze and the architrave from rainwater

Cornice raking

element that bounds the raking sides of the pediments formed by the pitched roof

Crepis

the base of the temple. It consists of three steps

Cymation (or moulding)

linear relief, usually horizontal element whose puprpose was to articulate the surfaces of the fronts. Three kinds are distinguished, on the basis of their decoration: Doric, Ionic and Lesbian

Entablature

the upper part of the temple placed above the columns. It consists of three distinct heightwise parts: the epistyle, the frieze and the cornice

Facade

the main (front) part of the builiding

Frieze Doric

the band placed above the architrave. It consists of triglyphs and metopes

Frieze Ionic

the continuous relief band running around the cella above the architrave

Inscription

marble stele with engraved text

Metope

square plaque with relief decoration that alternates with triglyphs, above the architrave

Pediment

the triangular area with sculptures, formed by the roof at each narrow side of the temple

Sima

a special guttering situated above the raking cornice preventing the rainwater from the roof falling onto the pediment

Stylobate

the uppermost step of the crepis of the temple. The columns set directly on the stylobate

Triglyph

part of the temple, each with three vertical sections in relief. It alternates with the metopes, above the architrave